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THE MODERN WORLD: Age of Romanticism – 1800s

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Most will exchange freedom for the security of knowing where their next meal is coming from

2 / 110

Christ “emptied Himself” & veiled His divine attributes, but did not surrender them or His power.

3 / 110

The doctrine of kenosis was misapplied to mean extreme submission to tyrannical power.

4 / 110

The Industrial Revolution came early to Russia, paving the way for fulfillment of Romantic ideals.

5 / 110

If there is no God there is no law or crime & social harmony prevails with everything permitted

6 / 110

With Nihilism essence precedes existence to fulfill its own unique destiny.

7 / 110

Notes from Underground allegorizes the vision of collectivist empathy meeting the needs of all

8 / 110

The great offense of Christianity is its challenge to the state as god on earth, filling all desires

9 / 110

In the legend of the Grand Inquisitor, Christ is arrested by His own church.

10 / 110

Dostoevsky’s works dramatize the lethal implications of various 19th Century philosophies

11 / 110

Biblical slavery is a 7-year program of training in responsibility for adult children

12 / 110

Prisons are a far more effective way to deal with crime than the system of household slavery

13 / 110

God condemned the slave trading of the North, but not the slave owning of the South.

14 / 110

Discrimination against blacks was strongest in states where slavery had never been known

15 / 110

Slavery is a hideous moral evil, equivalent in magnitude to the crime of abortion or murder.

16 / 110

Dabney believed God allowed the North to win because of the righteousness of their cause

17 / 110

Though the slave trade was abolished in 1807, it continued illegally in the North until 1861.

18 / 110

The capture of Harvard by Unitarians in 1805 signaled the end of Puritan New England

19 / 110

The original 13th Amendment legalized slavery, the replacement abolished it.

20 / 110

Testimonies from the 40-volume Slave Narratives confirmed widespread atrocities.

21 / 110

Only a narcissistic power-grab would limit voting rights to a tiny percentage of the wealthy

22 / 110

The emotional power of the novel prevailed over the logical prose of Bastiat

23 / 110

Bastiat illustrated and popularized the more complex work of Adam Smith

24 / 110

The great crime is perverting the law to attack the life & property it is meant to defend

25 / 110

Under the Constitutional monarchy of Louis XVIII only church members could vote.

26 / 110

Industrialists and socialists clashed because each tried to use law for their own benefit.

27 / 110

Bastiat differs from Adam Smith by including harmony of interests in his economic theory.

28 / 110

Bastiat rests his trenchant economic analysis squarely on the Bible.

29 / 110

The most important function of the law is to ensure that no one goes hungry

30 / 110

No country than France more concerned with rights, and none more torn by Revolution.

31 / 110

Hegel and Goethe were disciples of Thoreau and Emerson

32 / 110

Armenianism exalts the free will of man above the sovereignty of God.

33 / 110

Tocqueville failed to detect the underlying currents sweeping America toward civil war.

34 / 110

The fatal flaw in Democracy is the tendency of the majority to trample the rights of the minority.

35 / 110

Tocqueville was concerned that Americans would emphasize freedom at the expense of equality

36 / 110

The American proclivity for private associations to meet every need fascinated Tocqueville,

37 / 110

Tocqueville said the greatness of America lay in her fertile fields, mines & vast world commerce

38 / 110

The cruelty inflicted on slaves throughout the Southern states horrified Tocqueville.

39 / 110

In his 1831 visit Tocqueville noted the pernicious effect of the 1828 Tariff of Abominations

40 / 110

The older Puritanism had been debased by Arminianism in the 2nd Great Awakening

41 / 110

The Slave Narratives reveal that almost 90% of Southern slaves had “good masters

42 / 110

Scott’s social mores nurtured a climate of inhumane cruelty toward Southern slaves

43 / 110

The Coda Duella was a feature of Southern culture and a sharp departure from Biblical law

44 / 110

Scott’s portrayal of Rebecca adheres to St John’s stance toward Jews who reject Christ

45 / 110

Scott contrasted Protestant intolerance with Catholic absolution, for his contemporary readers

46 / 110

A mantra of “progress” fueled the second Industrial Revolution

47 / 110

The neo-Puritan values of the South clashed with the Unitarian humanism of New England

48 / 110

Ivanhoe seeks to unite the Saxon factions in Cedric’s party against the despised Normans.

49 / 110

The soft glow of Enlightenment peace gave Scott adequate time to pursue his writing career

50 / 110

Scott began his career in historical fiction, and turned to poetry later in life

51 / 110

Nietzsche rejected the idea of God in every religion, Christian, Greek, Roman, Judaism

52 / 110

The 20th Century was the bloodiest because the overman can only emerge in the crucible of war

53 / 110

In terms of sheer numbers, the atrocities of Hitler were far more evil than those of Stalin.

54 / 110

Evolution offers the illusion of scientific rationale for unbelief and thus, the death of God

55 / 110

Nietzsche and Dostoevsky were in fundamental agreement regarding the death of God

56 / 110

Nietzsche’s overman is the one by strength best able to protect the weak.

57 / 110

Nihilism is the rejection of morality in the skeptical belief that nothing has real existence.

58 / 110

G.W.F. Hegel is known as the philosopher of evolution

59 / 110

Nietzsche was responsible for extending social applications of evolutionary doctrine

60 / 110

The heart of Nietzsche’s philosophy is the strong have the right to dominate the weak.

61 / 110

Lincoln’s favorite catch-phrase, “preserving the Union” was a euphemism for centralized power.

62 / 110

Lincoln invented the myth that “the Union” had existed in perpetuity before the Constitution.

63 / 110

The victory of Union Troops at Gettysburg struck a blow for self-determination of all Americans

64 / 110

Lincoln favored shipping all the slaves back to Africa.

65 / 110

The South had resisted Lincoln’s attempts to subvert the Constitution for years before the War

66 / 110

The Emancipation Proclamation shows how Lincoln’s attitude to slavery changed during the War

67 / 110

Lincoln was a proponent of big government and crony capitalism his entire political career

68 / 110

Lincoln had been a champion of Negro freedom for years prior to the Civil War.

69 / 110

Lincoln approved of an Amendment granting slavery to all states in his inaugural address

70 / 110

As the Great Emancipator, Abraham Lincoln is the greatest President in American history. (

71 / 110

The populist movement of the late 18th Century sought socialist solutions for societal problems

72 / 110

Mill believed the individual was free to act except where contrary to the general interest

73 / 110

Mill believed happiness was qualitative, rather than the greatest good for the greatest number.

74 / 110

Queen Victoria welcomed the Romantic reforms, including public education & feminism

75 / 110

Biblically, the state should avoid regulating the economy, especially the banking industry.

76 / 110

Mill’s social theory epitomizes the conflict between the one and the many

77 / 110

Mill looked to the Bible to define the boundaries for acceptable state regulation.

78 / 110

Mill represented a transition between Bentham’s Utilitarianism and Fabian Socialism

79 / 110

Mill’s long career in Parliament coincided almost exactly with the reign of Queen Victoria

80 / 110

Queen Victoria ruled with an iron fist in a velvet glove and little concern for her subjects.

81 / 110

“Dickensian”, signifies a colorful variety in character and style in the context of grinding poverty

82 / 110

Dickens’ distaste for government bureaucracy soured him on the growing public school movement

83 / 110

Sacrificial love in the Tale of Two Cities suggests a Dickens surrendering to Christ in his later years.

84 / 110

Penetrating insight on the life of the urban poor, convinced Dickens of the depravity of man

85 / 110

Dickens promotes a spirit of universal brotherhood and private sector solutions to social problems

86 / 110

Dickens prose flows out of a stable and mature, Biblical worldview.

87 / 110

Dickens critical eye for social inequality led inevitably to his advocacy of the socialist solution

88 / 110

The debtor’s prison system flowed from the Biblical requirement to “owe no man anything.”

89 / 110

Bentham’s utilitarian legal system resulted in the exploitation of child labor

90 / 110

The Second Industrial Revolution of the 1800s focused on rail, steel, and textiles

91 / 110

If the mode of relationship is in truth, the individual is in truth, even if related to what is not true

92 / 110

The Bible is the medium through which God witnesses to the truth in the soul of the believer

93 / 110

Because of Kierkegaard, faith and the Bible have been marginalized as irrational and irrelevant.

94 / 110

Although he rejected the secular, Kierkegaard is known as the father of religious existentialism

95 / 110

Truth is relative because God is willing to modify His moral command to accommodate a situation

96 / 110

Abraham’s offering of Isaac was a subjective response to an ambiguous, inner impression.

97 / 110

The existentialist transcends moral absolutes, by a leap of faith in response to the relational Word.

98 / 110

Kierkegaard’s Christian moral foundation neutralized the radical idealism of Hegel.

99 / 110

The attack on absolutes by Kant, Hegel & Kierkegaard, led to national revolutions in the mid-1800s

100 / 110

Kierkegaard proposed 3 phases of existence in Either/Or: the aesthetic, the ethical, and the religious

101 / 110

The Young Hegelians spent hours in Berlin coffee houses refuting the ideas of Marx

102 / 110

Darwin took easy root in intellectual soil prepared by the plow of Hegel’s dialectic

103 / 110

Hegel’s belief in The Great Social Mind was a corrective to Kierkegaard’s “relative truth.”

104 / 110

According to Hegel, anything that challenges the conservative status quo is potentially useful.

105 / 110

Hegel contributes the specifics on how the sovereignty of God operates in history

106 / 110

History has shown repeatedly that governments are neutral players in the Hegelian dialectic

107 / 110

Medieval thinkers such as Aquinas labored to create a unified field of knowledge

108 / 110

The Hegelian universal mind was taken up in the Pantheism of Emerson and Thoreau.

109 / 110

Fortunately, Hegel’s dialectic was restricted to Germany & suppressed by Hitler’s demise.

110 / 110

Idealism is a philosophy in which reality is defined by some mental construct or idea

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The average score is 92%