THE MODERN WORLD: Age of Romanticism – 1800s
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Most will exchange freedom for the security of knowing where their next meal is coming from
2 / 110
Christ “emptied Himself” & veiled His divine attributes, but did not surrender them or His power.
3 / 110
The doctrine of kenosis was misapplied to mean extreme submission to tyrannical power.
4 / 110
The Industrial Revolution came early to Russia, paving the way for fulfillment of Romantic ideals.
5 / 110
If there is no God there is no law or crime & social harmony prevails with everything permitted
6 / 110
With Nihilism essence precedes existence to fulfill its own unique destiny.
7 / 110
Notes from Underground allegorizes the vision of collectivist empathy meeting the needs of all
8 / 110
The great offense of Christianity is its challenge to the state as god on earth, filling all desires
9 / 110
In the legend of the Grand Inquisitor, Christ is arrested by His own church.
10 / 110
Dostoevsky’s works dramatize the lethal implications of various 19th Century philosophies
11 / 110
Biblical slavery is a 7-year program of training in responsibility for adult children
12 / 110
Prisons are a far more effective way to deal with crime than the system of household slavery
13 / 110
God condemned the slave trading of the North, but not the slave owning of the South.
14 / 110
Discrimination against blacks was strongest in states where slavery had never been known
15 / 110
Slavery is a hideous moral evil, equivalent in magnitude to the crime of abortion or murder.
16 / 110
Dabney believed God allowed the North to win because of the righteousness of their cause
17 / 110
Though the slave trade was abolished in 1807, it continued illegally in the North until 1861.
18 / 110
The capture of Harvard by Unitarians in 1805 signaled the end of Puritan New England
19 / 110
The original 13th Amendment legalized slavery, the replacement abolished it.
20 / 110
Testimonies from the 40-volume Slave Narratives confirmed widespread atrocities.
21 / 110
Only a narcissistic power-grab would limit voting rights to a tiny percentage of the wealthy
22 / 110
The emotional power of the novel prevailed over the logical prose of Bastiat
23 / 110
Bastiat illustrated and popularized the more complex work of Adam Smith
24 / 110
The great crime is perverting the law to attack the life & property it is meant to defend
25 / 110
Under the Constitutional monarchy of Louis XVIII only church members could vote.
26 / 110
Industrialists and socialists clashed because each tried to use law for their own benefit.
27 / 110
Bastiat differs from Adam Smith by including harmony of interests in his economic theory.
28 / 110
Bastiat rests his trenchant economic analysis squarely on the Bible.
29 / 110
The most important function of the law is to ensure that no one goes hungry
30 / 110
No country than France more concerned with rights, and none more torn by Revolution.
31 / 110
Hegel and Goethe were disciples of Thoreau and Emerson
32 / 110
Armenianism exalts the free will of man above the sovereignty of God.
33 / 110
Tocqueville failed to detect the underlying currents sweeping America toward civil war.
34 / 110
The fatal flaw in Democracy is the tendency of the majority to trample the rights of the minority.
35 / 110
Tocqueville was concerned that Americans would emphasize freedom at the expense of equality
36 / 110
The American proclivity for private associations to meet every need fascinated Tocqueville,
37 / 110
Tocqueville said the greatness of America lay in her fertile fields, mines & vast world commerce
38 / 110
The cruelty inflicted on slaves throughout the Southern states horrified Tocqueville.
39 / 110
In his 1831 visit Tocqueville noted the pernicious effect of the 1828 Tariff of Abominations
40 / 110
The older Puritanism had been debased by Arminianism in the 2nd Great Awakening
41 / 110
The Slave Narratives reveal that almost 90% of Southern slaves had “good masters
42 / 110
Scott’s social mores nurtured a climate of inhumane cruelty toward Southern slaves
43 / 110
The Coda Duella was a feature of Southern culture and a sharp departure from Biblical law
44 / 110
Scott’s portrayal of Rebecca adheres to St John’s stance toward Jews who reject Christ
45 / 110
Scott contrasted Protestant intolerance with Catholic absolution, for his contemporary readers
46 / 110
A mantra of “progress” fueled the second Industrial Revolution
47 / 110
The neo-Puritan values of the South clashed with the Unitarian humanism of New England
48 / 110
Ivanhoe seeks to unite the Saxon factions in Cedric’s party against the despised Normans.
49 / 110
The soft glow of Enlightenment peace gave Scott adequate time to pursue his writing career
50 / 110
Scott began his career in historical fiction, and turned to poetry later in life
51 / 110
Nietzsche rejected the idea of God in every religion, Christian, Greek, Roman, Judaism
52 / 110
The 20th Century was the bloodiest because the overman can only emerge in the crucible of war
53 / 110
In terms of sheer numbers, the atrocities of Hitler were far more evil than those of Stalin.
54 / 110
Evolution offers the illusion of scientific rationale for unbelief and thus, the death of God
55 / 110
Nietzsche and Dostoevsky were in fundamental agreement regarding the death of God
56 / 110
Nietzsche’s overman is the one by strength best able to protect the weak.
57 / 110
Nihilism is the rejection of morality in the skeptical belief that nothing has real existence.
58 / 110
G.W.F. Hegel is known as the philosopher of evolution
59 / 110
Nietzsche was responsible for extending social applications of evolutionary doctrine
60 / 110
The heart of Nietzsche’s philosophy is the strong have the right to dominate the weak.
61 / 110
Lincoln’s favorite catch-phrase, “preserving the Union” was a euphemism for centralized power.
62 / 110
Lincoln invented the myth that “the Union” had existed in perpetuity before the Constitution.
63 / 110
The victory of Union Troops at Gettysburg struck a blow for self-determination of all Americans
64 / 110
Lincoln favored shipping all the slaves back to Africa.
65 / 110
The South had resisted Lincoln’s attempts to subvert the Constitution for years before the War
66 / 110
The Emancipation Proclamation shows how Lincoln’s attitude to slavery changed during the War
67 / 110
Lincoln was a proponent of big government and crony capitalism his entire political career
68 / 110
Lincoln had been a champion of Negro freedom for years prior to the Civil War.
69 / 110
Lincoln approved of an Amendment granting slavery to all states in his inaugural address
70 / 110
As the Great Emancipator, Abraham Lincoln is the greatest President in American history. (
71 / 110
The populist movement of the late 18th Century sought socialist solutions for societal problems
72 / 110
Mill believed the individual was free to act except where contrary to the general interest
73 / 110
Mill believed happiness was qualitative, rather than the greatest good for the greatest number.
74 / 110
Queen Victoria welcomed the Romantic reforms, including public education & feminism
75 / 110
Biblically, the state should avoid regulating the economy, especially the banking industry.
76 / 110
Mill’s social theory epitomizes the conflict between the one and the many
77 / 110
Mill looked to the Bible to define the boundaries for acceptable state regulation.
78 / 110
Mill represented a transition between Bentham’s Utilitarianism and Fabian Socialism
79 / 110
Mill’s long career in Parliament coincided almost exactly with the reign of Queen Victoria
80 / 110
Queen Victoria ruled with an iron fist in a velvet glove and little concern for her subjects.
81 / 110
“Dickensian”, signifies a colorful variety in character and style in the context of grinding poverty
82 / 110
Dickens’ distaste for government bureaucracy soured him on the growing public school movement
83 / 110
Sacrificial love in the Tale of Two Cities suggests a Dickens surrendering to Christ in his later years.
84 / 110
Penetrating insight on the life of the urban poor, convinced Dickens of the depravity of man
85 / 110
Dickens promotes a spirit of universal brotherhood and private sector solutions to social problems
86 / 110
Dickens prose flows out of a stable and mature, Biblical worldview.
87 / 110
Dickens critical eye for social inequality led inevitably to his advocacy of the socialist solution
88 / 110
The debtor’s prison system flowed from the Biblical requirement to “owe no man anything.”
89 / 110
Bentham’s utilitarian legal system resulted in the exploitation of child labor
90 / 110
The Second Industrial Revolution of the 1800s focused on rail, steel, and textiles
91 / 110
If the mode of relationship is in truth, the individual is in truth, even if related to what is not true
92 / 110
The Bible is the medium through which God witnesses to the truth in the soul of the believer
93 / 110
Because of Kierkegaard, faith and the Bible have been marginalized as irrational and irrelevant.
94 / 110
Although he rejected the secular, Kierkegaard is known as the father of religious existentialism
95 / 110
Truth is relative because God is willing to modify His moral command to accommodate a situation
96 / 110
Abraham’s offering of Isaac was a subjective response to an ambiguous, inner impression.
97 / 110
The existentialist transcends moral absolutes, by a leap of faith in response to the relational Word.
98 / 110
Kierkegaard’s Christian moral foundation neutralized the radical idealism of Hegel.
99 / 110
The attack on absolutes by Kant, Hegel & Kierkegaard, led to national revolutions in the mid-1800s
100 / 110
Kierkegaard proposed 3 phases of existence in Either/Or: the aesthetic, the ethical, and the religious
101 / 110
The Young Hegelians spent hours in Berlin coffee houses refuting the ideas of Marx
102 / 110
Darwin took easy root in intellectual soil prepared by the plow of Hegel’s dialectic
103 / 110
Hegel’s belief in The Great Social Mind was a corrective to Kierkegaard’s “relative truth.”
104 / 110
According to Hegel, anything that challenges the conservative status quo is potentially useful.
105 / 110
Hegel contributes the specifics on how the sovereignty of God operates in history
106 / 110
History has shown repeatedly that governments are neutral players in the Hegelian dialectic
107 / 110
Medieval thinkers such as Aquinas labored to create a unified field of knowledge
108 / 110
The Hegelian universal mind was taken up in the Pantheism of Emerson and Thoreau.
109 / 110
Fortunately, Hegel’s dialectic was restricted to Germany & suppressed by Hitler’s demise.
110 / 110
Idealism is a philosophy in which reality is defined by some mental construct or idea
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