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Who was Socrates? Socrates was the son of a sculptor and midwife (469-399 B.C.) who grew up to be an Athenian soldier and philosopher. He was known for his stoic patience in hardship. “Having the fewest wants, I am nearest to the gods,” was the way he explained it. One day a friend found Socrates at the market staring in apparent awe at a display.
Who was Aristophanes? (448?-385 B.C.) Aristophanes was a Greek playwright who wrote “old comedy.” Most of his work came near the end of the Peloponnesian War when Athens faced defeat by Sparta (431-404BC). Aristophanes also served as head of the Athenian Council. Eleven of about 40 of his plays survive, nine of which relate to the War.
Who was Plato? (427-347 B.C.) Plato was the pupil of Socrates and his main biographer. The last 50 years of his life he spent in philosophical study with students at his “pleasure-grove” or Academe near Athens.